Posted on May 19, 2016
With the continued population growth, longer life spans and with more available treatments for conditions that could be terminal even a decade or two ago, healthcare providers must be equipped to provide better care to more people than ever before. But these factors also create a strain on the financial and human resources that enable and drive effective healthcare. These factors have led to the emergence of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs) and antibiotic-resistant “superbugs” in healthcare environments.
(Mouse over any picture for the answer and then click for more information.)
How many admitted patients acquire a hospital-acquired infection?
How many HAIs are contracted outside of the Intensive Care Unit?
Have there been
any big successes against HAIs?
This number reported by the CDC in 2014 drives home the prevalence of hospital-acquired infections. With an average of 35.1 million hospital discharges from inpatient care per year in the U.S., that means approximately 1.4 million patients may suffer a hospital-acquired infection.
The CDC reports that in 2011, 75,000 patients with HAIs died during their hospitalizations, and half of all HAI infections occurred outside of the ICU.
Central-line associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) have fallen 50 percent since 2008 in short-term acute care hospitals. Dr. Peter Pronovost of Johns Hopkins University called this reported decrease in infection rate a “huge success.” It offers proof that taking adequate measures can reduce HAIs.
What percentage of antibiotics are considered “unnecessary” or “inappropriate”?
How many deaths a year are attributed to superbugs?
What percentage of C.difficle is acquired within a hospital?
It is estimated that up to half of antibiotics in hospitals are improperly prescribed, according to a CDC study. The CDC further estimates that over 2 million people are infected with antibiotic-resistant organisms each year.
At least 23,000 people a year nationwide die of drug-resistant bacterial infections, according to the CDC. Antibiotic-resistant strains of C.difficile alone have led to 14,000 yearly deaths.
Reports that 94 percent of those infected with C.difficile contract the bacterial infection after receiving medical care demonstrate that superbugs can be prevented by proper treatment and implementing best practices.